Does Medicare Cover Back Surgery?

Concerned about whether Medicare will help with your back surgery expenses? You’re not alone. Many patients ask: does Medicare cover back surgery?

The simple answer is yes—back surgery is covered by Medicare if considered medically necessary by your doctor. In the following sections, we’ll explore which procedures Medicare covers, the role of different Medicare parts, and what out-of-pocket costs you may incur.


Key Takeaways

  • Medicare covers back surgery considered medically necessary by a physician, including various procedures such as spinal fusion and decompression surgery.
  • Out-of-pocket costs for back surgery under Medicare can include deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance, with the possibility of additional insurance options like Medigap and Medicare Advantage to help cover these expenses.
  • Medicare’s coverage includes both surgical and non-surgical treatments for back pain, but it generally excludes prescription drug therapy for non-surgical back pain treatment, with medication coverage potential under Medicare Part D.

Compare Plans in One Step!

Enter Zip Code



Understanding Medicare's Coverage for Back Surgery

Medicare, the federal health insurance program, provides coverage for a wide array of medical services. But does it cover back surgery? Yes, it does. Medicare will cover back surgery if it is determined to be medically necessary, as recommended by a neurosurgeon or orthopedist, and if specific requirements for each treatment are met.

It provides hospital insurance coverage for a range of back surgeries, including spinal fusion and discectomy, as long as the recommended surgery aligns with medically acceptable treatment for the diagnosis and is deemed essential for addressing acute, sub-acute, or chronic back pain.


Understanding Medicare's Coverage for Back Surgery

You might wonder how to determine if Medicare covers your recommended back surgery. For this, it’s best to consult with your surgeon’s office. The coverage and cost of back surgery under Medicare medical insurance are subject to variation based on the patient’s Medicare coverage, the specific treatment administered, and the method of treatment delivery.


Inpatient Hospital Care and Medicare Part A

Diving into the specifics of Medicare Part A, it covers inpatient hospital care, which includes hospital stays and nursing care for back surgery. Thus, if your back surgery requires hospitalization, Medicare Part A will typically cover these costs.

Medicare Part A provides coverage for inpatient hospital stays related to back surgery, ensuring that beneficiaries have access to essential hospital and nursing care throughout the surgical and recovery process, including services provided by the hospital’s outpatient department.

But remember, Medicare Part A covers inpatient hospital care for back surgery when the surgery is deemed medically necessary by a doctor. Once this condition is met, Medicare Part A will typically cover the hospitalization costs.


Outpatient Services and Medicare Part B

Moving on to Medicare Part B, it covers doctor appointments for diagnosing back problems and recommending treatment. It also handles essential diagnostic tests as part of outpatient services. Hence, both doctor visits for back issues and diagnostic tests fall under the coverage of Medicare Part B.

Medicare Part B provides coverage for:


  • Essential physical and occupational therapies aimed at enhancing strength post back surgery, given that they are medically necessary
  • Outpatient medical services, encompassing surgical procedures for back surgery
  • Expenses for x-rays, stitches, casts, and other essential medical services


Post-surgery, follow-up medical appointments are also encompassed by Medicare Part B as part of the all-inclusive outpatient health care services provided by the hospital outpatient department.

The Role of Medicare Advantage Plans in Back Surgery Costs

What about Medicare Advantage? Also known as Part C, this integrates the benefits of Parts A and B, potentially offering additional coverage for back surgery expenses. While the coverage rules remain the same, the policy might necessitate prior authorization for the surgery, and any subsequent claims are submitted to the insurer instead of Medicare.


How much is back surgery with insurance



Medicare Advantage plans offer coverage for back surgery, encompassing hospitalization expenses and essential physical and occupational therapies to enhance post-surgery strength. Medigap plans can assist in covering any additional expenses related to Medicare parts A and B.

However, prior authorization in Medicare Advantage for back surgeries entails health care providers seeking approval from Medicare before providing the service. This requirement is primarily focused on cost-savings, and Medicare only pays for the surgery if it has been pre-approved.

Despite these extra steps, both Medicare Advantage and traditional Medicare provide coverage for medically necessary back surgery. Part A of Medicare can assist in covering the cost of hospitalization.


Surgical Procedures Eligible for Medicare Coverage

What back surgeries does Medicare cover? It covers a variety of procedures, including:


  • Spinal cord stimulation
  • Dorsal root ganglion stimulator
  • Surgical blocks
  • Decompression surgery
  • Spinal fusion
  • Surgical implantation of artificial disks


These surgeries are covered by Medicare if they are prescribed by a physician and deemed medically essential, including doctor fees. In other words, they are considered medicare approved.

To confirm the coverage of your back surgery by Medicare, it is essential to request your doctor to validate that the proposed surgery meets the criteria of medical necessity and aligns with Medicare’s coverage policies.

It’s worth noting that Medicare has established a local coverage determination (LCD) specifically for lumbar spinal fusion surgery. This LCD outlines detailed indications for the medical necessity and coverage of surgical fusion of the lumbar spine.

Medicare deems back surgeries to be medically necessary and eligible for coverage when there is evidence of lumbar spinal instability or other specified conditions outlined in their local coverage determination (LCD) policies.

Prescription Drug Coverage for Post-Surgery Pain Management

Pain management is vital after back surgery, and this is where Medicare Part D steps in. It covers outpatient prescription drugs, which includes those needed for post-surgery pain management.


Does medicare cover acdf surgery



Medicare Part D covers opioid pain medications for post-surgery pain management, including:


  • hydrocodone (Vicodin®)
  • oxycodone (OxyContin®)
  • morphine
  • codeine
  • fentanyl


The costs of prescription drugs for post-surgery pain under Medicare Part D are influenced by the negotiated prices between the Part D sponsor or intermediary and the drug manufacturer.

These costs vary depending on the specific Part D plan and the drug list covered. However, it’s important to note that Medicare Part D does not provide coverage for over-the-counter drugs used for pain management.

Compare plans and enroll online



Speak with a licensed insurance agent

TTY 711

Mon-Fri : 8am-9pm ET

compare medicare advantage plans

Out-of-Pocket Costs: Estimating Your Financial Responsibility

Despite Medicare covering a significant portion of back surgery expenses, there might still be out-of-pocket costs, such as deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance. Determining exact costs prior to back surgery can be challenging, but you can estimate your costs by referring to the table provided in the source section.

The typical deductible for Medicare Part B for back surgery is $226 ($240 in 2024), while the Medicare Part A deductible may vary depending on the benefit period. After paying your Part B deductible for outpatient aftercare, a 20% coinsurance is applicable to additional eligible expenses for back surgery.


Additional Insurance Options to Supplement Medicare

For those worried about out-of-pocket costs, additional insurance options could be considered. For instance, Medigap is a supplemental insurance policy designed to help with these costs related to original Medicare. Medigap plans provide coverage for excess charges and other out-of-pocket expenses that are not covered by Medicare.


Does medicare cover cervical spine surgery



Secondary insurance is another option provided by private insurance companies. This supplementary healthcare policy is designed to cover costs that are not included in Medicare coverage. It may offer additional benefits for therapeutic services, potentially including those associated with back surgery.

Apart from original Medicare, beneficiaries have the option to utilize Medicare Advantage plans, including the Medicare Advantage Plan, or Medicare Part D plans to cover expenses not encompassed in original Medicare, including prescription medication post back surgery.

How Much Does Back Surgery Cost with Medicare?

The cost covered by Medicare for back surgery can fluctuate based on various factors. Typically, original Medicare (Part A and Part B) covers back surgery if a doctor deems it medically necessary. Medicare usually assists in covering the cost of physician fees associated with back surgery.

However, it’s important to note that there are discrepancies in the out-of-pocket costs for inpatient and outpatient back surgeries covered by Medicare. The costs differ based on the type of procedure.


Physical Therapy and Non-Surgical Treatment Coverage

Medicare extends its coverage beyond surgical treatments to include non-surgical treatments for back pain. This includes:


  • Physical therapy
  • Massage therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Chiropractic therapy
  • Injection-based treatments
  • Laser therapy
  • Electrical nerve stimulation
  • Peripheral nerve stimulation
  • Radio frequency ablation
  • Non-surgical blocks


However, Medicare excludes prescription drug therapy (medications) from its coverage for non-surgical back pain treatment. Before receiving a non-surgical back pain treatment, it is advisable to consult with your physician and plan provider to ensure that the treatment is covered by your Medicare plan.


In sum, Medicare provides a comprehensive coverage for back surgery, including inpatient hospital care, outpatient services, and prescription drugs for post-surgery pain management. It also covers a wide range of surgical procedures, if they are deemed medically necessary. Additional insurance options, such as Medigap and secondary insurance, can help cover any out-of-pocket costs.

Remember, the cost of back surgery with Medicare can vary based on several factors, so it’s important to consult with your doctor and insurance provider for accurate estimates. Medicare also covers non-surgical treatments for back pain, providing a holistic approach to back health.

Frequently Asked Questions



What procedures are not covered by Medicare?

Medicare doesn’t cover services like cosmetic surgery, long-term care, most dental services, routine dental visits, teeth cleanings, fillings, and dentures, routine eye exams, eyeglasses or contacts, hearing aids, and certain routine physical exams. It’s important to consider these exclusions when planning for healthcare needs.


Is minimally invasive spine surgery covered by Medicare?

Yes, Medicare covers minimally invasive spine surgery if it is deemed medically necessary and performed by providers within the Medicare network.


What qualifies for back surgery?

Some conditions that may qualify for back surgery include spinal deformity, spinal infections, trauma, spine tumors, stenosis, and herniated disks. It is advisable to consult a spine surgery team with extensive experience for the best outcome.


How much does a spinal fusion cost with Medicare?

The cost of spinal fusion with Medicare is about $764 on average, with Medicare covering $611 and the patient responsible for $152. This information can help you plan for potential expenses related to spinal fusion.


Does Medicare cover prescription drugs for post-surgery pain management?

Yes, Medicare Part D covers prescription drugs for managing post-surgery pain, including those needed after back surgery.

call today for help



 ZRN Health & Financial Services, LLC, a Texas limited liability company

Find & Compare Plans Online 



Speak with a licensed insurance agent

TTY 711

Mon-Fri : 8am-9pm EST

Russell Noga
( Medicare Expert )

Russell Noga is the CEO of ZRN Health & Financial Services, and head content editor of several Medicare insurance online publications. He has over 15 years of experience as a licensed Medicare insurance broker helping Medicare beneficiaries learn about Medicare, Medicare Advantage Plans, Medigap insurance, and Medicare Part D prescription drug plans.